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Laparoscopic fenestration is considered the best treatment for symptomatic simple liver cysts. Conversely, the laparoscopic approach for the management of hydatid simple liver cysts is not widely accepted because of the risk for severe complications.

Causes :

Cysts that grow in the liver are often congenital. This term means that the cysts formed before birth, while a person was developing in the womb. Liver cysts can also occur at any point during a person’s life for reasons scientists have yet to discover.

Infection with an Echinococcus tapeworm can also lead to liver cysts. These parasites are often present in farm animals or animals that live on farms, which can include dogs, wolves, and coyotes. A person can become infected with Echinococcus through exposure to the feces of these animals.

Infection with Echinococcus is known as hydatid disease, cystic hydatid disease, or echinococcosis. This condition can also cause cysts in the lungs, kidneys, brain, and other organs around the body.

Symptoms :

Only around 5–10 percent of liver cysts cause symptoms. These symptoms tend to first occur in people who are aged 60 years or older.

Symptoms of liver cysts can include :
  • Distended or protruding stomach
  • Feelings of abdominal fullness or bloating
  • Abdominal pain, particularly in the upper right quadrant
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • shoulder pain

These symptoms usually occur when a cyst starts bleeding. If a cyst becomes large enough, a person may be able to feel it through their abdomen.